Clare B. Dunkle

About Clare B. Dunkle

European Cities

The part of Germany I lived in was heavily damaged during previous wars. The nearest "old" city was Trier, an hour away, which still holds Roman ruins. Heidelberg was about ninety minutes away.


The red tile roofs of Heidelberg are typical of the German towns and cities nearby. Even small towns can be quite colorful, with their clean stucco and bright A-frame roofs. Frankfurt, however, looks very modern, not at all like this.

Bruges from the bell tower

At the heart of many European cities is an empty plaza, the old medieval square. In the Middle Ages, farmers and tradespeople came from a distance to gather in this square each market day. This is the heart of Bruges, Belgium, seen from the bell tower.

Sienna city square

Hundreds of miles to the south, the empty square of Sienna, Italy, lies at the foot of its tall bell tower.

Colmar pedestrian zone

These old downtown districts are closed to motor traffic.The market square of Colmar, France, is now a lovely place to stop and eat lunch.

Rothenburg downtown

When cars do enter the old part of a city, the driver quickly learns that these streets were not laid out with a motor vehicle in mind. This is Rothenburg, Germany.

Bernkastel-Kues downtown

A horse could fit through here—maybe! But not a car. This is the charming town of Bernkastel-Kues, next to the Mosel River.

All webpage text copyright 2003-2014 by Clare B. Dunkle, unless attributed otherwise. All photos copyright 2003-2014 by Joseph R. Dunkle, unless attributed otherwise. You may make one print copy of any page on this site for private or educational use. You may quote the author using short excerpts from this website, provided you attribute the quote. You may use the photos in both print and virtual media to promote the author's books or events. All other copying or use of this website material, either photos or text, is forbidden without the express written consent of the author.